Diabetes affects how the body uses glucose (sugar). Glucose is the body’s main source of energy. When food is eaten the body uses glucose (sugar) from fruits, grains, starches, milk products, and sweets. After digestion the glucose will enter the blood stream. Insulin is a hormone that is released when blood sugar starts to rise. Insulin’s job is to move the extra blood sugar to the body cells for energy. The person with diabetes does not produce enough insulin and/or use insulin well. The glucose (sugar) will increase in the blood stream.
Over time high blood sugar may lead to complications such as:
- Heart Disease
- Decreased circulation
- Foot Problems
- Kidney disease
- Nerve Damage
There are 3 main types of Diabetes:
1) Type 1 may occur at any age but typically affects those less than 30 years old. The person no longer produces enough insulin to live. Treatment involves:
- Insulin injections
- Insulin pump
2) Type 2 usually occurs over the age of 40 although is now occurring in children as young as 5 years old. This was at one time considered an old person’s disease but due to poor nutrition and inactivity it is now affecting children as well. The usual treatment for type 2 diabetes would be:
- diet & exercise
- diet, exercise & medications
- diet, exercise, medication and insulin
3) Gestational Diabetes appears during pregnancy typically between the 24th-28th weeks. Often it disappears after delivery but may return as Type 2 diabetes later. Treatment involves:
- Diet & exercise
- Diet, exercise & insulin
Prevention or early treatment will dramatically reduce the risk of complications associated with diabetes.
Healthy nutrition, exercise and controlled blood sugars are essential to decrease the risk of complications.
At the WellFort Community Health Services Diabetes Education Program a team consisting of a Registered Diabetes Nurse Educator and a Registered Dietitian will help you learn to better manage your diabetes.
ALL SERVICES ARE FREE.
INTERPRETATION AVAILABLE ON REQUEST.
For more information please call 905-451-6959